Shin splints can be an annoying problem for the runner and non runner alike. That throbbing, achy pain in the front of the leg can sideline a runner, and be an all around nuisance for heavy walkers.

Shin splints are most often caused by an overuse of the tibialis anterior muscle. The tibialis anterior is a muscle in the front of the leg that originates from the top third of the tibia (shin bone), and inserts into the bones of the middle Air Jordan Future of the foot. When the muscle is used excessively, especially if it is weak, it can actually pull microscopic pieces of the tibia bone off. This causes an inflammatory reaction, which leads to the pain associated with shin splints. therapy is most commonly used. This consists of rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Of these, the most important is probably rest. Because it is considered to be an overuse injury, resting is vital to a quick recovery. Icing the affected Air Jordan 10s area will also help to bring down some of the inflammation. Anti inflammatory medications can also be used, such as Tylenol or ibuprofen.

One easy way to prevent shin splints is to wear the proper shoes when running or walking long distances. Walking and running shoes should be in good condition, and should fit well and be comfortable. Take a look at the bottoms of your shoes. If the soles of the shoes are well worn, that means that the cushioning and support of the shoes is likely to be worn away as well. Running and walking shoes should be measured in miles, not in the length of time you’ve had them. In general, the lifespan of a shoe is somewhere between 300 and 500 miles.

Shin splints also may occur due to a weak tibialis anterior muscle. The tibialis anterior helps us to have an even stride during gait. If the tibialis anterior is weak compared to the calf muscles, then the foot is able to slap against the ground with more force.

To strengthen the tibialis anterior muscle, try this exercise. While sitting in a chair (such as at work, at a desk, or any time where you need to be sitting for a while) lift your toes and the front of your foot off the ground while keeping your heel on the ground. Hold your feet like this for a second or two before bringing them back to the ground. Try doing three sets of ten. You should feel it in the Air Jordan 3s front of the legs, right where the shin splints were.

Similarly to shin splints caused by overuse of the tibialis anterior Air Jordan 17s muscle, shin splints can also occur from overuse of the tibialis posterior muscle. This is a muscle that originates in the back of the leg, off of both the tibia and fibula bones. It, like the tibialis anterior, inserts into the bones of the midfoot as well, but into the bottom of the foot.

The action of the tibialis posterior is to invert and plantar flex the foot, which is an important aspect of walking and running. When the foot is allowed to over pronate, such as from not wearing the proper shoes, the tibialis posterior is forced to work even harder. This can lead to repetitive stress, which may lead to shin splints. This is a less common form of shin splints, but it does happen occasionally. The pain is generally more on the inside of the leg, as opposed to traditional Nike Air Foamposite One shin splints, which are on the front of the leg.

With a recurring problem like shin splints, the most important piece of treatment is prevention. Generally it will take at least a full week of rest for the inflammation to go away completely. Once you’re feeling better, ease back into running or walking. If the problem comes back, a change in shoe gear may be required. If that doesn’t work, consult a professional about the problem.

Some measures that go beyond a simple change in shoe gear include the use of functional orthoses. Functional orthoses will help the foot to function at a more optimal position, which is particularly helpful when running. If the foot is in its optimal position, the muscles will not be over worked. Wellens Bruschayt, DPM, PhD FACFAS. She is board certified by the of Podiatric Surgery. She has performed over 4000 operations on foot and ankle.